The articles on The unity of the Muslims in the history of Turkish media first appeared in the Basiret newspaper in October 1873. The first article was written by Esad Efendi, clerk of the maritime court. To him Islamic history was in fact a history of the unity of the Muslims; and the Ottomans became a point of reference and a protector. “Since the religion of Islam commands tawhid (unity), the means of unity for us is the fact that Islam brings together and unites,” said Esad Efendi; and the unity of the Muslims was the only way to convey civilization to humanity. Based on the importance of performing prayers in congregation he drew attention to the point that all worship showed an aspect of unity.