THE 4 SOURCES OF THE ISLAMIC SHARIA (1)
Sharia, which means “Islamic decrees”, has emerged from the following 4 features of the Quranic verses.
1- Nusūs; that is, definite decrees.
2- Wujūh; that is, a word can have different meanings in different verses.
3- Ishārāt; to mean other meanings and decrees by means of allusion.
4- Rumūz; that is, to mean other meanings and decrees with an even more hidden implication than ishārāt.
THE 4 MUST-HAVE FEATURES OF THE RELIGIOUS OFFICE (2)
1- It must be almighty.
2- It must be sacred.
3- It must be independent.
4- Must be controller.
PARTNERSHIP TO THE OPPRESSION IN 3 WAYS (3)
1- By actually supporting or doing the oppression.
2- To be a supporter by seeing it as necessary and required.
3- To support one’s oppressing others by being in favour of it.
When most people support the cruelty of the oppressor in these three ways, it means that the oppression has been committed by the majority, which gives fatwa that some trouble and calamity will befall the majority.
3 REASONS FOR NATIONALISM’S BEING EFFECTIVE ON PEOPLE (4)
1- There is an egoistic pleasure in the nationalism.
2- There is an enjoyment in the nationalism that leads to heedlessness.
3- There is an ominous power in the nationalism.
4 CHARACTERISTICS OF POSITIVE NATIONALISM (5)
1- It arises from the internal needs of social life.
2- It causes cooperation and solidarity among the members of a nation.
3- It provides a beneficial power.
4- It is an important reason for the strengthening of the Islamic brotherhood.
4 CHARACTERISTICS OF A GUIDANCE FOR ALL (6)
1- Bringing clear evidence that can be easily understood by the general public.
2- Summarizing and implicitly explaining the things that are not necessary for the common people [to know in detail] who are the majority [in societies]
3- Bringing closer to understanding the subtle issues that the common people cannot easily comprehend by means of allegories.
4- In order not to mislead the common people, not explaining things that are obvious in their apparent opinion by unnecessarily and harmfully changing [those things].
ALL ACTIVITIES AND MOVEMENTS STEM FROM THESE 4 THINGS (7)
1- Appetite [desire].
4- Affection (love).
3 CHARACTERISTICS OF EACH PRAYER TIME (8)
1- They are each the beginning of an important transformation.
2- They remind the miracles created by the Divine power during a day, year, human life and the times of the world.
3- Among these sublime Divine activities, they remind us of the great and universal gifts of Divine mercy.
3 WORDS EXPRESSING THE MEANING OF PRAYER (9)
1- ‘Glory be to Allah’ – “SubhanAllah”, which means glorifying Allah (to declare that He is transcendent above incomplete attributes) at the majesty of Him.
2- ‘Praise be to Allah’ – “Alhamdulillah”, which means thanking Allah at the beauty of Him.
3- ‘Allah is Greater’ – “Allahu akbar”, which means revering Allah at the perfection of Him.
6 FEATURES OF THE TIME OF THE NOON PRAYER (Ẓuhr) (10)
1- It is the time when the sun tends to set after it reaches its peak.
2- It is the time that daily work starts to get mature.
3- It is a brief time for rest for a person who gets tired due to the pressure of worldly occupations.
4- It is a time when the spirit needs to take a breath from the heedlessness and perplexity left by the transient world’s fleeting, yet heavy and oppressive concerns.
5- It is a time of the appearance of Divine blessings.
THE 6 FEATURES OF THE TIME OF THE LATE-AFTERNOON PRAYER (‘Aṣr) (11)
1- It resembles and reminds the sad autumn season.
2- It resembles and reminds the time of sad old age.
3- It resembles and reminds the end of time, which is painful for humanity.
4- It is the time to end daily work.
5- It is the time of the materialisation of all the Divine blessings that man has been granted in that day, such as
good health, security, and good deeds.
6- It is the time that proclaims that man is a guest in this world, with duties and assignments, and that all things are temporary and unstable.
5 FEATURES OF THE TIME OF THE SUNSET PRAYER (Maghrib) (12)
1- It is a time reminding the time of the setting of the delicate and beautiful creatures of the summer and autumn, in their sad farewell at the beginning of winter.
2- It evokes the moment that man enters his grave at death, and his painful separation from all of his loved ones.
3- It evokes the time of the departing of all of the inhabitants of this world to other worlds at the death of this world, in the tremors of its death throes.
4- It evokes the time in which the lamp of this world of examination will be put out.
5- It is a time that forcefully awakens those who love their beloved ones to the point of worship; it reminds them that their beloved ones will depart one day by their deaths.
5 FEATURES OF THE TIME OF THE EVENING PRAYER, (‘Ishā’) (13)
1- It is the time in which disappear those remnants of the traces of the day lingering on the horizons and the darkness of night completely covers the world
2- It evokes turning the green, ornamented page of summer to the cold, white page of winter.
3- It evokes that with the passing of time, dead people’s memories and the works they left behind are also forgotten and passed on to another realm altogether.
4- It evokes the establishment of the vast, everlasting world of the Hereafter, subsequent to the awesome death throes of this limited, transient, and wretched world – and then its total destruction.
5- It is a time that proves that Almighty Allah, Who is the True Owner and Ruler of the universe, turns night into day, winter into summer, and this world into the Hereafter, with the same ease by which one turns the pages of a book, and that it is only He Who deserves to be worthy of worship and truly loved.
1. Osmanlıca Sözler, p. 34.
2. Osmanlıca Mektûbât, v. 2, p. 127.
3. Osmanlıca Sözler, p. 42.
4. Osmanlıca Mektûbât, v. 1, p. 149.
5. Osmanlıca Mektûbât, v. 1, p. 151.
6. Osmanlıca Zülfikâr, p. 329.
7. Osmanlıca Tılsımlar, p. 67.
8. The Ninth Word from The Short Words
12. ibid 13. ibid