Treatise on Nature

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Oh Man! You should be aware that there are certain phrases which are commonly used and imply unbelief. The believers also use them, but without realising their implications. We shall explain three of the most important of them.

The First: “Causes create this.”
The Second: “It forms itself; (it comes into existence and later ceases to exist.)”
The Third: “It is natural: nature necessitates and creates it.”

Indeed, since beings exists and cannot be denied, and since each being comes nto existence in a wise and artistic fashion, and since each is not beyond time but is being continuously renewed, then, Oh falsifier of the truth, you are bound to say either that the causes of the universe create beings, for example, this animal; that is to say, it comes into existence through the coming together of causes, or that it forms itself, or that its coming into existence is a requirement and necessary effect of nature, or that it is created through the
Power of One All-Powerful and All-Glorious. Since reason can find no way apart from these four, if the first three are definitely proved to be impossible, invalid, and absurd, the way of Allah’s Oneness, which is the fourth way, will, necessarily and self evidently and without doubt or suspicion, be proven true.

(We had covered the first phrase and its impossibilities in detail in the last issue of The Pen. Now let’s read the second way and the impossibilities.)


This is expressed by the phrase, “It Forms itself”. It, too, involves many impossibilities and is absurd and impossible in many aspects. We shall explain three examples of these

First Impossibility: Oh you obstinate denier! Your egotism has made you so stupid that somehow you decide to accept a hundred impossibilities all at once. For you yourself are a being and not some simple substance, inanimate and unchanging. Rather, you are like an extremely well-ordered machine that is constantly being renewed and like a wonderful palace that is undergoing continuous change. Particles are working unceasingly in your body. Your body has a connection and mutual relations with the universe, in particular with regard to sustenance and the perpetuation of the species, and the particles that work within it are careful not to spoil that relationship or to break the connection. In this cautious manner they set about their work, as though taking the whole universe into account.
Seeing your relationships within it, they take up their positions accordingly. And you benefit with your external and inner senses in accordance with the wonderful positions that they take.

If you do not accept that the particles in your body are tiny officials in motion in accordance with the law of the Pre-Eternal and All-Powerful One, or that they are an army, or the nibs of the pen of Divine Determining, with each particle being a point, then in every particle working in your eye there would have to be an eye such as could see every limb and part of your body as well as the entire universe with which you are connected. In addition to this, you would have to ascribe to each particle intelligence, equivalent to that of a hundred
geniuses, sufficient to know and recognize all your past and your future, and your forebears and descendents, the origins of all the elements of your being, and the sources of all your sustenance.

To attribute the knowledge and consciousness of a thousand Plato’s to a single particle of one such as you who does not possess even a particle’s worth of intelligence in matters of this kind is a crazy superstition a thousand times over.

Second Impossibility: Your being resembles a thousand-domed wondrous palace in which the stones stand together in suspension and without support. Indeed, your being is a thousand times more wonderful than such a palace, for the palace of your being is being renewed continuously in perfect order. Leaving aside your truly wonderful spirit, heart and other subtle faculties, each member of your body resembles a single domed part of the palace. Like the stones of a dome, the particles stand together in perfect balance and order demonstrating the eye and the tongue, for example, each to be a wondrous building, extraordinary work of art, and miracle of power.

If these particles were not each officials dependent on the Command of the Master Architect of the Universe, then each particle would have to be both absolutely dominant over all other particles in the body and absolutely subordinate to each of them; and both equal to each and with regard to its dominant position, opposed; and both the origin and source of most of the attributes that pertain only to the Necessarily Existent One and extremely restricted; and both in absolute form and in the form of a perfectly ordered individual artefact that could only, through the mystery of One, be the work of the Single One of Unique. Anyone with even a particle of consciousness would understand what an obvious impossibility this is; to attribute such an artefact to those particles.

Third Impossibility: If your being is not ‘written’ by the pen the Pre-Eternal and All-Powerful One, Who is the Single One of Unique, and is instead ‘printed’ by nature and causes, there would have to be printing-blocks in nature not only to the number of the cells in your body, but to the number of their thousands of combinations, which are arranged in concentric circles. Because, for example, if this book which we hold in our hand is written, a single pen may write it relying on the knowledge of its writer, If, on the other hand, it is not written and it is not attributed to its writer’s pen, and if it is said that it exists of its own accord or it is ascribed to nature, then, as a printing book, it would be necessary for there to be a different iron pen for each letter so that it could be printed. In a printing press there have to be pieces of type to the number of letters in the alphabet, then the letters in the book come into existence by means of them; pens to the number of those letters being necessary in place of a single pen.

Indeed, as may be seen, sometimes a whole page is written in a single large letter from among those letters with a small pen in fine script, in which case a thousand pens would be necessary for one letter. Rather, if it took the form of your body, with its entire components one within the other in concentric circles, then there would have to be printing-blocks in each circle, for each component, to the number of the combinations that they form.

Now, see, if you claim this, which involves hundred impossibilities, to be possible, then again, if they are not attributed to a single pen, for those well-ordered artistic pieces of type, faultless printing-blocks and letters to the same number as themselves would be necessary. And they too would have to have been made; well-ordered and artistically fashioned. And so on. It would carry on in succession and infinitum.
There, you, too, understand! This way of thinking is such that it involves impossibilities and superstitions to the number of particles in your body. Oh denier of Allah (The God)! See this, and quit this way of misguidance!